The goal of this study is to investigate the production and perception of French vowels by blind and sighted speakers. 12 blind adults and 12 sighted adults served as subjects. The auditory-perceptual abilities of each subject were evaluated by discrimination tests (AXB). At the production level, ten repetitions of the ten French oral vowels were recorded. Formant values and fundamental frequency values were extracted from the acoustic signal. Measures of contrasts between vowel categories were computed and compared for each feature (height, place of articulation, roundedness) and group (blind, sighted). The results reveal a significant effect of group (blind vs sighted) on production, with sighted speakers producing vowels that are spaced further apart in the vowel space than those of blind speakers. A group effect emerged for a subset of the perceptual contrasts examined, with blind speakers having higher peak discrimination scores than sighted speakers. Results suggest an important role of visual input in determining speech goals.
Production and perception of French vowels by congenitally blind adults and sighted adults
Lucie Ménard, Sophie Dupont, Shari R. Baum, Jérôme Aubin; Production and perception of French vowels by congenitally blind adults and sighted adults. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 September 2009; 126 (3): 1406–1414. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3158930
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