This paper investigates the use of periodically spaced edges or wells for the control of road traffic noise. The wells have uniform height and width and are placed on the ground. Physical scale modeling is used to assess the acoustic performance of these structures under laboratory conditions. It is shown that, in certain situations where the use of conventional barriers would not be appropriate, strategically designed riblike structures can provide insertion losses of typically 1015dB. The findings are explained in terms of acoustic scattering with the approaches used in the study of resonators and diffraction/interference gratings.

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