A behavioral response paradigm was used to measure masked underwater hearing thresholds in five bottlenose dolphins and two white whales before and immediately after exposure to intense 1-s tones at 0.4, 3, 10, 20, and 75 kHz. The resulting levels of fatiguing stimuli necessary to induce 6 dB or larger masked temporary threshold shifts (MTTSs) were generally between 192 and The exceptions occurred at 75 kHz, where one dolphin exhibited an MTTS after exposure at and the other dolphin did not show any shift after exposure to maximum levels of and at where no subjects exhibited shifts at levels up to The shifts occurred most often at frequencies above the fatiguing stimulus. Dolphins began to exhibit altered behavior at levels of and above; white whales displayed altered behavior at and above. At the conclusion of the study all thresholds were at baseline values. These data confirm that cetaceans are susceptible to temporary threshold shifts (TTS) and that small levels of TTS may be fully recovered.
Temporary shift in masked hearing thresholds of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, and white whales, Delphinapterus leucas, after exposure to intense tones
Carolyn E. Schlundt, James J. Finneran, Donald A. Carder, Sam H. Ridgway; Temporary shift in masked hearing thresholds of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, and white whales, Delphinapterus leucas, after exposure to intense tones. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 June 2000; 107 (6): 3496–3508. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.429420
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