Several methods have been proposed to estimate the viscoelastic properties of soft biological tissues using forced low-frequency vibrations (10–500 Hz). Those methods are based on the measurement of phase velocity of the shear waves (∼5 m/s). It is shown in this article that the measurements of velocity as well as attenuation are subjected to biases. These biases are related to reflected waves created at boundaries, to the nonnegligible size of the piston source which causes diffraction effects and to the influence of a low-frequency compressional wave. Indeed, a theoretical analysis of the field radiated by a point source explains how mechanical vibrations of a piston generate a shear wave with a longitudinal component and how this component can interfere with a low-frequency compressional wave. However, by using a low-frequency transient excitation, these biases can be avoided. Then the precise numerical values of elasticity and viscosity can be deduced. Experiments in phantoms and beef muscles are shown. Moreover, a relative hardness imaging of a phantom composed of two media with different elasticities is presented.
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May 01 1999
A solution to diffraction biases in sonoelasticity: The acoustic impulse technique
Stefan Catheline, François Wu, Mathias Fink; A solution to diffraction biases in sonoelasticity: The acoustic impulse technique. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 May 1999; 105 (5): 2941–2950. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.426907
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