Photoluminescence (PL) spectra from ruby were obtained using a highly stable LED light source, employing pulse width modulation technique for excitation. The temporal variation in PL intensity caused by the increasing temperature of the LED used for excitation can be mitigated by adjusting the duty ratio (%) of the pulsed LED light to below 10% for cooling the LED. Stable PL spectra measurements were achieved with a duty ratio of less than 10% using a duty ratio-controlled pulsed LED light source, as temperature fluctuations in LED light intensity are minimized at duty ratios less than 10%. Furthermore, fluctuations in the measured PL intensity were diminished by setting the frequency of the pulsed LED light source to greater than 1 kHz. This method enables more reliable, cost-effective, and stable PL measurements for material characterization in semiconductors, photonics, and nanotechnology.

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