We have built and commissioned a novel standalone multi-crystal x-ray spectrometer (MOSARIX) in the von Hamos configuration based on highly annealed pyrolytic graphite crystals. The spectrometer is optimized for the energy range of 2–5 keV, but this range can be extended up to 20 keV by using higher reflection orders. With its nine crystals and a Pilatus detector, MOSARIX achieves exceptional detection efficiency with good resolving power (better than 4000), opening the door to study small cross section phenomena and perform fast in situ measurements. The spectrometer operates under a He atmosphere, which provides a flexible sample environment for measurements in gas, liquid, and solid phases.

1.
M. N.
Piancastelli
,
T.
Marchenko
,
R.
Guillemin
,
L.
Journel
,
O.
Travnikova
,
I.
Ismail
, and
M.
Simon
, “
Hard x-ray spectroscopy and dynamics of isolated atoms and molecules: A review
,”
Rep. Prog. Phys.
83
,
016401
(
2019
).
2.
N.
Velasquez
,
O.
Travnikova
,
R.
Guillemin
,
I.
Ismail
,
L.
Journel
,
J. B.
Martins
,
D.
Koulentianos
,
D.
Céolin
,
L.
Fillaud
,
M. L. M.
Rocco
,
R.
Püttner
,
M. N.
Piancastelli
,
M.
Simon
,
S.
Sheinerman
,
L.
Gerchikov
, and
T.
Marchenko
, “
Generalization of the post-collision interaction effect from gas-phase to solid-state systems demonstrated in thiophene and its polymers
,”
Phys. Rev. Res.
5
,
013048
(
2023
).
3.
I.
Ismail
,
A.
Ferté
,
F.
Penent
,
R.
Guillemin
,
D.
Peng
,
T.
Marchenko
,
O.
Travnikova
,
L.
Inhester
,
R.
Taïeb
,
A.
Verma
,
N.
Velasquez
,
E.
Kukk
,
F.
Trinter
,
D.
Koulentianos
,
T.
Mazza
,
T. M.
Baumann
,
D. E.
Rivas
,
Y.
Ovcharenko
,
R.
Boll
,
S.
Dold
,
A.
De Fanis
,
M.
Ilchen
,
M.
Meyer
,
G.
Goldsztejn
,
K.
Li
,
G.
Doumy
,
L.
Young
,
G.
Sansone
,
R.
Dörner
,
M. N.
Piancastelli
,
S.
Carniato
,
J. D.
Bozek
,
R.
Püttner
, and
M.
Simon
, “
Alternative pathway to double-core-hole states
,”
Phys. Rev. Lett.
131
,
253201
(
2023
).
4.
J.
Nordgren
,
G.
Bray
,
S.
Cramm
,
R.
Nyholm
,
J.-E.
Rubensson
, and
N.
Wassdahl
, “
Soft x-ray emission spectroscopy using monochromatized synchrotron radiation (invited)
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
60
,
1690
1696
(
1989
).
5.
J.-P.
Rueff
and
A.
Shukla
, “
Inelastic x-ray scattering by electronic excitations under high pressure
,”
Rev. Mod. Phys.
82
,
847
(
2010
).
6.
T.
Marchenko
,
L.
Journel
,
T.
Marin
,
R.
Guillemin
,
S.
Carniato
,
M.
Žitnik
,
M.
Kavčič
,
K.
Bučar
,
A.
Mihelič
,
J.
Hoszowska
,
W.
Cao
, and
M.
Simon
, “
Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering at the limit of subfemtosecond natural lifetime
,”
J. Chem. Phys.
134
,
144308
(
2011
).
7.
I.
Ismail
,
L.
Journel
,
R.
Vacheresse
,
O.
Travnikova
,
T.
Marin
,
D.
Céolin
,
R.
Guillemin
,
T.
Marchenko
,
M.
Zmerli
,
D.
Koulentianos
,
R.
Püttner
,
J.
Palaudoux
,
F.
Penent
, and
M.
Simon
, “
A von Hamos spectrometer based on highly annealed pyrolytic graphite crystal in tender x-ray domain
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
92
,
073104
(
2021
).
8.
I.
Ismail
,
L.
Journel
,
R.
Vacheresse
,
J.
Palaudoux
,
T.
Marin
, and
F.
Penent
, “
Time and position sensitive photon detector for coincidence measurements in the keV energy range
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
89
,
113101
(
2018
).
9.
S.
Saha
,
G.
Assat
,
M. T.
Sougrati
,
D.
Foix
,
H.
Li
,
J.
Vergnet
,
S.
Turi
,
Y.
Ha
,
W.
Yang
,
J.
Cabana
et al, “
Exploring the bottlenecks of anionic redox in Li-rich layered sulfides
,”
Nat. Energy
4
,
977
987
(
2019
).
10.
L.
v Hámos
, “
Röntgenspektroskopie und abbildung mittels gekrümmter kristallreflektoren
,”
Naturwissenschaften
20
,
705
706
(
1932
).
11.
J.
Hoszowska
,
J. C.
Dousse
,
J.
Kern
, and
C.
Rhême
, “
High-resolution von Hamos crystal x-ray spectrometer
,”
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A
376
,
129
138
(
1996
).
12.
R.
Alonso-Mori
,
J.
Kern
,
D.
Sokaras
,
T.-C.
Weng
,
D.
Nordlund
,
R.
Tran
,
P.
Montanez
,
J.
Delor
,
V. K.
Yachandra
,
J.
Yano
, and
U.
Bergmann
, “
A multi-crystal wavelength dispersive x-ray spectrometer
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
83
,
073114
(
2012
).
13.
J.
Szlachetko
,
M.
Nachtegaal
,
E.
de Boni
,
M.
Willimann
,
O.
Safonova
,
J.
Sa
,
G.
Smolentsev
,
M.
Szlachetko
,
J. A.
van Bokhoven
,
J.-C.
Dousse
,
J.
Hoszowska
,
Y.
Kayser
,
P.
Jagodzinski
,
A.
Bergamaschi
,
B.
Schmitt
,
C.
David
, and
A.
Lücke
, “
A von Hamos x-ray spectrometer based on a segmented-type diffraction crystal for single-shot x-ray emission spectroscopy and time-resolved resonant inelastic x-ray scattering studies
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
83
,
103105
(
2012
).
14.
W.
Malzer
,
D.
Grötzsch
,
R.
Gnewkow
,
C.
Schlesiger
,
F.
Kowalewski
,
B.
Van Kuiken
,
S.
DeBeer
, and
B.
Kanngießer
, “
A laboratory spectrometer for high throughput X-ray emission spectroscopy in catalysis research
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
89
,
113111
(
2018
).
15.
L.
Jarrott
,
M.
Wei
,
C.
McGuffey
,
F.
Beg
,
P.
Nilson
,
C.
Sorce
,
C.
Stoeckl
,
W.
Theoboald
,
H.
Sawada
,
R.
Stephens
et al, “
Calibration and characterization of a highly efficient spectrometer in von Hamos geometry for 7–10 keV x-rays
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
88
,
043110
(
2017
).
16.
U.
Zastrau
,
A.
Woldegeorgis
,
E.
Förster
,
R.
Loetzsch
,
H.
Marschner
, and
I.
Uschmann
, “
Characterization of strongly-bent HAPG crystals for von-Hámos x-ray spectrographs
,”
J. Instrum.
8
,
P10006
(
2013
).
17.
M.
Gerlach
,
L.
Anklamm
,
A.
Antonov
,
I.
Grigorieva
,
I.
Holfelder
,
B.
Kanngießer
,
H.
Legall
,
W.
Malzer
,
C.
Schlesiger
, and
B.
Beckhoff
, “
Characterization of HAPG mosaic crystals using synchrotron radiation
,”
J. Appl. Crystallogr.
48
,
1381
1390
(
2015
).
18.
G.
Ice
and
C.
Sparks
, “
Mosaic crystal x-ray spectrometer to resolve inelastic background from anomalous scattering experiments
,”
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A
291
,
110
116
(
1990
).
19.
B. L.
Henke
,
E. M.
Gullikson
, and
J. C.
Davis
, “
X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30000 eV, Z = 1-92
,”
At. Data Nucl. Data Tables
54
,
181
342
(
1993
).
20.
Python package pymosarix
, https://pypi.org/project/pymosarix/
21.
J.-P.
Rueff
,
J.
Ablett
,
D.
Céolin
,
D.
Prieur
,
T.
Moreno
,
V.
Balédent
,
B.
Lassalle-Kaiser
,
J.
Rault
,
M.
Simon
, and
A.
Shukla
, “
The GALAXIES beamline at the SOLEIL synchrotron: Inelastic X-ray scattering and photoelectron spectroscopy in the hard X-ray range
,”
J. Synchrotron Radiat.
22
,
175
179
(
2015
).
22.
M.
Kavcic
,
M.
Petric
,
A.
Rajh
,
K.
Isakovic
,
A.
Vizintin
,
S. D.
Talian
, and
R.
Dominko
, “
Characterization of Li–S batteries using laboratory sulfur X-ray emission spectroscopy
,”
ACS Appl. Energy Mater.
4
,
2357
2364
(
2021
).
23.
M.
Kavcic
,
K.
Bucar
,
M.
Petric
,
M.
Zitnik
,
I.
Arcon
,
R.
Dominko
, and
A.
Vizintin
, “
Operando resonant inelastic X-ray scattering: An appropriate tool to characterize sulfur in Li–S batteries
,”
J. Phys. Chem. C
120
,
24568
24576
(
2016
).
24.
T.
Miteva
,
N. V.
Kryzhevoi
,
N.
Sisourat
,
C.
Nicolas
,
W.
Pokapanich
,
T.
Saisopa
,
P.
Songsiriritthigul
,
Y.
Rattanachai
,
A.
Dreuw
,
J.
Wenzel
et al, “
The all-seeing eye of resonant auger electron spectroscopy: A study on aqueous solution using tender x-rays
,”
J. Phys. Chem. Lett.
9
,
4457
4462
(
2018
).
25.
M.
Bauer
and
C.
Gastl
, “
X-Ray absorption in homogeneous catalysis research: The iron-catalyzed michael addition reaction by XAS, RIXS and multi-dimensional spectroscopy
,”
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
12
,
5575
5584
(
2010
).
26.
J.
Hoszowska
,
J. C.
Dousse
,
W.
Cao
,
K.
Fennane
,
Y.
Kayser
,
M.
Szlachetko
,
J.
Szlachetko
, and
M.
Kavčič
, “
Double k-shell photoionization and hypersatellite x-ray transitions of 12 ≤ z ≤ 23 atoms
,”
Phys. Rev. A
82
,
063408
(
2010
).
27.
I.
Ismail
,
R.
Guillemin
,
T.
Marchenko
,
O.
Travnikova
,
J.
Ablett
,
J.-P.
Rueff
,
M.-N.
Piancastelli
,
M.
Simon
, and
L.
Journel
, “
Experimental setup for the study of resonant inelastic x-ray scattering of organometallic complexes in gas phase
,”
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
89
,
063107
(
2018
).
You do not currently have access to this content.