The energy band structure of the conduction band (energy–momentum relation of electrons) is crucial to understanding the electron transport of crystalline materials. In this paper, we describe an angle-resolved low-energy inverse photoelectron spectroscopy (AR-LEIPS) apparatus that examines the conduction band structures of materials sensitive to the electron beam, such as organic semiconductors and organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites. The principle of this apparatus is based on AR inverse photoelectron spectroscopy. To minimize radiation damage and improve energy resolution, we employed our previous approach used in LEIPS [H. Yoshida, Chem. Phys. Lett. 539540, 180 (2012)]. We obtained an overall energy resolution of 0.23 eV with a momentum resolution of 0.9 nm−1 at the electron kinetic energy of 2 eV or higher.

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