We present the comparison of a field-programmable-gate-array (FPGA) based digital servo module with an analog counterpart for the purpose of laser frequency stabilization to a high-finesse optical cavity. The transfer functions of both the digital and analog modules for proportional–integral–derivative control are measured. For the lasers stabilized to the cavity, we measure the singe-sideband power spectral density of fast phase noise by means of an optical beat with filtered light transmitted through the cavity. The comparison between the digital and analog modules is performed for two low-phase-noise diode lasers at 1120 and 665 nm wavelengths. The performance of the digital servo module compares well to the analog one for the lowest attained levels of 30 mrad for the integrated phase noise and 10−3 for the relative noise power. The laser linewidth is determined to be in the sub-kHz regime, only limited by the high-finesse cavity. Our work exploits the versatility of the FPGA-based servo module (STEMlab) when used with open-source software and hardware modifications. We demonstrated that such modules are suitable candidates for remote-controlled low-phase-noise applications in the fields of laser spectroscopy and atomic, molecular, and optical physics.
Field-programmable-gate-array-based digital frequency stabilization of low-phase-noise diode lasers
Victor Avalos, Xiaoyu Nie, Anbang Yang, Canming He, Sunil Kumar, Kai Dieckmann; Field-programmable-gate-array-based digital frequency stabilization of low-phase-noise diode lasers. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 June 2023; 94 (6): 063001. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0152305
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