Two different structures, long period fiber grating (LPFG) and a Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI), were cascaded to fabricate a sensor for sensing humidity and temperature simultaneously. Due to the humidity sensitive characteristic of polyimide (PI) and the temperature sensitive characteristic of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), the LPFG was coated with PI and the MZI was wrapped in PDMS to improve the humidity and temperature sensitivities, respectively. Humidity and temperature experiments and the stability and repeatability of the proposed sensors were performed. The sensor shows humidity and temperature sensitivities of ∼164 pm/%RH and 183 pm/°C in the humidity and temperature increasing experiments, respectively. Combining increasing, decreasing, and repeatable experiments of temperature and humidity, the proposed sensor shows stable performance in humidity sensitivity of ∼159 pm/%RH and temperature sensitivity of ∼175 pm/°C, with good linearity of ∼0.994. The structure of the proposed sensor has the advantages of low implementation cost, easy fabrication, and good stability.

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