The long-term frequency stability of the rubidium atomic clock is primarily affected by temperature variations in the lamp oven and the cavity oven, which cause changes in light intensity, which are then converted into frequency variations. Therefore, we propose using light intensity variations to actively improve the cavity oven and lamp oven temperature sensitivity of the rubidium atomic clock. This is accomplished through research into the theory of the rubidium atomic frequency standard, specifically the effect of light intensity, lamp oven temperature, and cavity oven temperature on the frequency deviation. In previous work, we discovered the relationship between the light intensity and frequency deviation by combining this with our engineering expertise. Furthermore, some related experiments show that the method is feasible with the lamp oven and cavity oven temperature sensitivity of the rubidium atomic clock greatly improved, providing an effective way to improve the rubidium atomic clock’s long-term frequency stability.

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