Wireless sensor networks play a very important role in environmental monitoring, structural health monitoring, smart city construction, smart grid, and ecological agriculture. The wireless sensor nodes powered by a battery have a limited service life and need periodic maintenance due to the limitation of battery capacity. Fortunately, the development of environmental energy harvesting technology provides an effective way to eliminate the needs and the replacement of the batteries. Among the environmental stray energy, wind energy is rich, almost endless, widely distributed, and clean. Due to the advantages of simple structure, miniaturization, and high power density, wind energy harvesters using piezoelectric materials (PWEHs) have attracted much attention. By the ways of principal exploration, structure design, and performance optimization, great and steady progress has been made in the research of PWEH. This Review is focused on the review of PWEHs. After introducing the basic principle of PWEHs, the structural performance and research status of PWEHs based on different mechanisms, such as a rotating turbine, vortex-induced vibration, flutter, and galloping, are analyzed and summarized. Finally, the development trend of PWEHs has been prospected.
Wind energy harvester using piezoelectric materials
Caijiang Lu, Xueling Jiang, Linfeng Li, Hai Zhou, Aichao Yang, Mingyong Xin, Guoqiang Fu, Xi Wang; Wind energy harvester using piezoelectric materials. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 March 2022; 93 (3): 031502. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0065462
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