Spectroscopy in vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and visible ranges plays an important role in the investigation and diagnosis of tokamak plasmas. However, under harsh environmental conditions of fusion grade devices, such as ITER, VUV–visible systems encounter many issues due to the degradation of optical components used in such systems. Here, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has become an effective tool in understanding the edge plasma dynamics. Considering its importance, a NIR spectroscopic diagnostic has been developed and installed on the ADITYA-U tokamak. The system consists of a 0.5 m spectrometer having three gratings with different groove densities, and it is coupled with a linear InGaAs photodiode array. Radiation from the ADITYA-U edge plasma has been collected using a collimating lens and optical fiber combination and transported to the spectrometer. The spectrum in the NIR range from the ADITYA-U plasma has been recorded using this system, in which Paβ and Paγ along with many spectral lines from neutral and singly ionized impurities have been observed. The influxes of H and C have been estimated from measurements. The H influx value is found to be 2.8 × 1016 and 1.9 × 1016 particles cm−2 s−1 from neutral hydrogen lines Hα and Paβ, respectively, and the C influx value is found to be 3.5 × 1015 and 2.9 × 1015 particles cm−2 s−1 from the neutral carbon and singly ionized carbon, respectively. A good agreement is seen between these results and the results obtained by using a routine photomultiplier tube based diagnostic.
Initial results from near-infrared spectroscopy on ADITYA-U tokamak
N. Ramaiya, R. Manchanda, M. B. Chowdhuri, N. Yadava, R. Dey, A. Kumar, K. Shah, S. Patel, K. A. Jadeja, K. M. Patel, R. Kumar, S. Aich, S. K. Pathak, R. L. Tanna, J. Ghosh, ADITYA-U team; Initial results from near-infrared spectroscopy on ADITYA-U tokamak. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 November 2022; 93 (11): 113552. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0101850
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