We have developed spin-resolved resonant electron energy-loss spectroscopy with the primary energy of 0.3–1.5 keV, which corresponds to the core excitations of 2p–3d absorption of transition metals and 3d–4f absorption of rare-earths, with the energy resolution of about 100 meV using a spin-polarized electron source as a GaAs/GaAsP strained superlattice photocathode. Element- and spin-selective carrier and valence plasmons can be observed using the resonance enhancement of core absorptions and electron spin polarization. Furthermore, bulk-sensitive electron energy-loss spectroscopy spectra can be obtained because the primary energy corresponds to the mean free path of 1–10 nm. The methodology is expected to provide us with novel information about elementary excitations by resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and resonant photoelectron spectroscopy.
Bulk-sensitive spin-resolved resonant electron energy-loss spectroscopy (SR-rEELS): Observation of element- and spin-selective bulk plasmons
Shin-ichi Kimura, Taishi Kawabata, Hiroki Matsumoto, Yu Ohta, Ayuki Yoshizumi, Yuto Yoshida, Takumi Yamashita, Hiroshi Watanabe, Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo, Naoto Yamamoto, Xiuguang Jin; Bulk-sensitive spin-resolved resonant electron energy-loss spectroscopy (SR-rEELS): Observation of element- and spin-selective bulk plasmons. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 September 2021; 92 (9): 093103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0055435
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