In the last decade, Coherence Imaging Spectroscopy (CIS) has shown distinctive results in measuring ion flow velocities in the edge of magnetically confined plasma devices. Its 2D spatially resolved measurement capabilities and its high optical throughput are ideal for investigating the impurity behavior in the complex 3D magnetic island topology edge of Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X). However, a highly precise and stable calibration method is required for a reliable diagnostic operation. A new level of precision and stability has been achieved for the two CIS systems installed at W7-X with the use of a new calibration source, a continuous tunable laser commercially available only since 2015. A specific prototype model was successfully adapted to the challenging requirements of W7-X, granting high accuracy (±0.01 pm) and flexibility (spectral range: 450–650 nm) in the wavelength calibration required for measuring low-Z impurity ion flow velocities. These features opened up new investigation possibilities on temperature stability and wavelength response of the CIS components, allowing to fully characterize and validate the W7-X systems. The CIS diagnostic was operational throughout the last W7-X experimental campaign. Measured velocities on the order of ∼20–30 km/s were observed, corroborated by comparisons with measurements with Mach probes.
Coherence imaging spectroscopy at Wendelstein 7-X for impurity flow measurements
Valeria Perseo, Dorothea Gradic, Ralf König, Oliver P. Ford, Carsten Killer, Olaf Grulke, David A. Ennis, W7-X Team; Coherence imaging spectroscopy at Wendelstein 7-X for impurity flow measurements. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 January 2020; 91 (1): 013501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5126098
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