We report a novel packaging and experimental technique for characterizing thermal flow sensors at high temperatures. This paper first reports the fabrication of 3C-SiC (silicon carbide) on a glass substrate via anodic bonding, followed by the investigation of thermoresistive and Joule heating effects in the 3C-SiC nano-thin film heater. The high thermal coefficient of resistance of approximately −20 720 ppm/K at ambient temperature and −9287 ppm/K at 200 °C suggests the potential use of silicon carbide for thermal sensing applications in harsh environments. During the Joule heating test, a high-temperature epoxy and a brass metal sheet were utilized to establish the electric conduction between the metal electrodes and SiC heater inside a temperature oven. In addition, the metal wires from the sensor to the external circuitry were protected by a fiberglass insulating sheath to avoid short circuit. The Joule heating test ensured the stability of mechanical and Ohmic contacts at elevated temperatures. Using a hot-wire anemometer as a reference flow sensor, calibration tests were performed at 25 °C, 35 °C, and 45 °C. Then, the SiC hot-film sensor was characterized for a range of low air flow velocity, indicating a sensitivity of 5 mm−1 s. The air flow was established by driving a metal propeller connected to a DC motor and controlled by a microcontroller. The materials, metallization, and interconnects used in our flow sensor were robust and survived temperatures of around 200 °C.
A hot-film air flow sensor for elevated temperatures
Vivekananthan Balakrishnan, Toan Dinh, Thanh Nguyen, Hoang-Phuong Phan, Tuan-Khoa Nguyen, Dzung Viet Dao, Nam-Trung Nguyen; A hot-film air flow sensor for elevated temperatures. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 January 2019; 90 (1): 015007. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5065420
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