Along the route to the development of a neutral beam injector for ITER, the Padua based Source for Production of Ion of Deuterium Extracted from Rf plasma (SPIDER) and megavolt ITER injector and concept advancement facilities will make use of neutron diagnostics to quantify the homogeneity of the neutral beam profile by measuring the map of the neutron emission from the beam dump with the close-contact neutron emission surface mapping (CNESM) system. Neutrons are here produced from beam-target reactions between the deuterium beam and the deuterons previously adsorbed in the calorimeter. In order to aid the interpretation of the diagnostic data, a dedicated experiment on neutron emission from beam-target reactions with beam parameters approaching those expected at SPIDER has been performed at the Extraction from a Large Ion Source Experiment (ELISE) neutral beam test facility. The time trace of neutron emission has been measured using a calibrated liquid scintillator detector at increasing power densities on the target. Compared to calculations based on the local mixing model, a systematic discrepancy was observed exceeding the statistical accuracy of the measurements and increasing as a linear function of the power density. The data are used to derive an empirical temperature dependent correction for applications to neutron measurements at SPIDER.
Neutron measurements at the ELISE neutral beam test facility and implications for neutron based diagnostics at SPIDER
S. Feng, M. Nocente, D. Wünderlich, F. Bonomo, G. Croci, U. Fantz, B. Heinemann, W. Kraus, I. Mario, A. Muraro, R. Pasqualotto, M. Rebai, M. Tardocchi, G. Gorini; Neutron measurements at the ELISE neutral beam test facility and implications for neutron based diagnostics at SPIDER. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 October 2018; 89 (10): 10I139. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5036823
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