This paper examines the experimental requirements to observe two shock fronts driven by a single x-ray source in systems with a sharp absorption edge. We consider systems where the peak of the x-ray radiation drive coincides with the K-edge of the carbon, which occurs at a photon energy of 284 eV, causing photons to be deposited in two regions. The low-energy photons (E < 284 eV) penetrate further and drive the main shock, while the higher-energy photons (E > 284 eV) are absorbed in the ablated plasma. These higher-energy photons create an ionization front, which then produces a second shock, termed an edge-shock. Using a different radiation-hydrodynamics code and different opacity and equation of state tables, we replicate the previous work and build upon them to explore the conditions required to form the edge shock. We find that having the material K-edge coincide with the spectral domain of the radiation source is necessary but not sufficient on its own to drive the edge-shock.
Experimental considerations to observe two ionizing fronts in systems with a sharp absorption edge
Paul A. Keiter, Robert VanDervort, Griffin Cearley, Eric Johnsen, R. Paul Drake; Experimental considerations to observe two ionizing fronts in systems with a sharp absorption edge. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 October 2018; 89 (10): 10G104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5038882
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