Real-time and accurate measurements of intermediate frequency signals based on microprocessors are difficult due to the computational complexity and limited time constraints. In this paper, a fast and precise methodology based on the sigma-delta modulator is designed and implemented by first generating the twiddle factors using the designed recursive scheme. This scheme requires zero times of multiplications and only half amounts of addition operations by using the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and the combination of the Rife algorithm and Fourier coefficient interpolation as compared with conventional methods such as DFT and Fast Fourier Transform. Experimentally, when the sampling frequency is 10 MHz, the real-time frequency measurements with intermediate frequency and narrowband signals have a measurement mean squared error of ±2.4 Hz. Furthermore, a single measurement of the whole system only requires approximately 0.3 s to achieve fast iteration, high precision, and less calculation time.
Real-time and high accuracy frequency measurements for intermediate frequency narrowband signals
Jing Tian, Xiaofeng Meng, Jing Nie, Liwei Lin; Real-time and high accuracy frequency measurements for intermediate frequency narrowband signals. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 January 2018; 89 (1): 014704. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010142
Download citation file: