Scattering methods are widely used to characterize the structure and constituents of matter on small length scales. This motivates this introductory text on identifying prospective approaches to scattering-based methods for granular media. A survey to light scattering by particles and particle ensembles is given. It is elaborated why the established scattering methods using X-rays and visible light cannot in general be transferred to granular media. Spectroscopic measurements using terahertz radiation are highlighted as they probe the scattering properties of granular media, which are sensitive to the packing structure. Experimental details to optimize a spectrometer for measurements on granular media are discussed. We perform transmission measurements on static and agitated granular media using Fourier transform spectroscopy at the THz beamline of the Bessy II storage ring. The measurements demonstrate the potential to evaluate degrees of order in the media and to track transient structural states in agitated bulk granular media.
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Research Article| May 15 2017
Analysis of granular packing structure by scattering of THz radiation
Special Collection: Focus on Imaging Methods in Granular Physics
Philip Born, Karsten Holldack; Analysis of granular packing structure by scattering of THz radiation. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 May 2017; 88 (5): 051802. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983045
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