We report on the design and implementation of a new digital, broad-band nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer suitable for probing condensed matter. The spectrometer uses direct sampling in both transmission and reception. It relies on a single, commercially-available signal processing device with a user-accessible field-programmable gate array (FPGA). Its functions are defined exclusively by the FPGA firmware and the application software. Besides allowing for fast replication, flexibility, and extensibility, our software-based solution preserves the option to reuse the components for other projects. The device operates up to 400 MHz without, and up to 800 MHz with undersampling, respectively. Digital down-conversion with ±10 MHz passband is provided on the receiver side. The system supports high repetition rates and has virtually no intrinsic dead time. We describe briefly how the spectrometer integrates into the experimental setup and present test data which demonstrates that its performance is competitive with that of conventional designs.
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Research Article| September 29 2014
A firmware-defined digital direct-sampling NMR spectrometer for condensed matter physics
M. Pikulski, T. Shiroka, H.-R. Ott, J. Mesot; A firmware-defined digital direct-sampling NMR spectrometer for condensed matter physics. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 September 2014; 85 (9): 093906. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4896351
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