The setup, capabilities, and operation parameters of the neutron reflectometer GINA, the recently installed “Grazing Incidence Neutron Apparatus” at the Budapest Neutron Centre, are introduced. GINA, a dance-floor-type, constant-energy, angle-dispersive reflectometer is equipped with a 2D position-sensitive detector to study specular and off-specular scattering. Wavelength options between 3.2 and 5.7 Å are available for unpolarized and polarized neutrons. Spin polarization and analysis are achieved by magnetized transmission supermirrors and radio-frequency adiabatic spin flippers. As a result of vertical focusing by a five-element pyrolytic graphite monochromator, the reflected intensity from a 20 × 20 mm2 sample has been doubled. GINA is dedicated to studies of magnetic films and heterostructures, but unpolarized options for non-magnetic films, membranes, and other surfaces are also provided. Shortly after its startup, reflectivity values as low as 3 × 10−5 have been measured by the instrument. The instrument capabilities are demonstrated by a non-polarized and a polarized reflectivity experiment on a Si wafer and on a magnetic film of [62Ni/natNi]5 isotope-periodic layer composition. The facility is now open for the international user community. Its further development is underway establishing new sample environment options and spin analysis of off-specularly scattered radiation as well as further decreasing the background.
GINA—A polarized neutron reflectometer at the Budapest Neutron Centre
L. Bottyán, D. G. Merkel, B. Nagy, J. Füzi, Sz. Sajti, L. Deák, G. Endrőczi, A. V. Petrenko, J. Major; GINA—A polarized neutron reflectometer at the Budapest Neutron Centre. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 January 2013; 84 (1): 015112. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4770129
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