We present the x-ray optical design of the soft x-ray materials science instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source, consisting of a varied line-spaced grating monochromator and Kirkpatrick-Baez refocusing optics. Results from the commissioning of the monochromator are shown. A resolving power of 3000 was achieved, which is within a factor of two of the design goal.

1.
P.
Emma
,
R.
Akre
,
J.
Arthur
,
R.
Bionta
,
C.
Bostedt
,
J.
Bozek
,
A.
Brachmann
,
P.
Bucksbaum
,
R.
Coffee
,
F. J.
Decker
,
Y.
Ding
,
D.
Dowell
,
S.
Edstrom
,
A.
Fisher
,
J.
Frisch
,
S.
Gilevich
,
J.
Hastings
,
G.
Hays
,
P.
Hering
,
Z.
Huang
,
R.
Iverson
,
H.
Loos
,
M.
Messerschmidt
,
A.
Miahnahri
,
S.
Moeller
,
H. D.
Nuhn
,
G.
Pile
,
D.
Ratner
,
J.
Rzepiela
,
D.
Schultz
,
T.
Smith
,
P.
Stefan
,
H.
Tompkins
,
J.
Turner
,
J.
Welch
,
W.
White
,
J.
Wu
,
G.
Yocky
, and
J.
Galayda
,
Nat. Photonics
4
(
9
),
641
(
2010
).
2.
J.
Arthur
,
G.
Materlik
,
R.
Tatchyn
, and
H.
Winick
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
66
(
2
),
1987
(
1995
).
3.
J. H.
Underwood
and
J. A.
Koch
,
Appl. Opt.
36
(
21
),
4913
(
1997
).
4.
J.
Chalupsky
,
P.
Bohacek
,
V.
Hajkova
,
S. P.
Hau-Riege
,
P. A.
Heimann
,
L.
Juha
,
J.
Krzywinski
,
M.
Messerschmidt
,
S. P.
Moeller
,
B.
Nagler
,
M.
Rowen
,
W. F.
Schlotter
,
M. L.
Swiggers
, and
J. J.
Turner
,
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A
631
(
1
),
130
(
2011
).
5.
M.
Martins
,
M.
Wellhofer
,
J. T.
Hoeft
,
W.
Wurth
,
J.
Feldhaus
, and
R.
Follath
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
77
(
11
) (
2006
).
6.
R
Soufli
,
M. J.
Pivovaroff
,
S. L.
Baker
,
J. C.
Robinson
,
E. M.
Gullikson
,
T. J.
McCarville
,
P. M.
Stefan
,
A. L.
Aquila
,
J.
Ayers
,
M. A.
McKernan
, and
R. M.
Bionta
,
Proc. SPIE
7077
,
707716
(
2008
).
7.
R.
Soufli
,
M.
Fernandez-Perea
,
S. L.
Baker
,
J. C.
Robinson
,
E. M.
Gullikson
,
P. A.
Heimann
,
W. F.
Schlotter
, and
M.
Rowen
, “
Development and calibration of mirrors and gratings for the Soft X-ray Materials Science beamline at the LCLS free-electron laser
,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).
8.
M.
Sánchez del Río
and
R. J.
Dejus
,
Proc. SPIE
3152
,
148
(
1997
).
9.
Joseph W.
Goodman
,
Introduction to Fourier Optics
, 2 ed. (
McGraw-Hill
,
New York
,
1996
).
10.
See http://www.gsolver.com com for a description of the GSolver grating analysis program.
11.
See http://henke.lbl.gov/optical_constants for the index of refraction of elements and compound materials at x-ray photon energies.
12.
R.
Soufli
,
A. L.
Aquila
,
F.
Salmassi
,
M.
Fernandez-Perea
, and
E. M.
Gullikson
,
Appl. Opt.
47
(
25
),
4633
(
2008
).
13.
R. A.
London
,
R. M.
Bionta
,
R. O.
Tatchyn
, and
S.
Roesler
,
Proc. SPIE
4500
,
51
(
2001
).
14.
S. P.
Hau-Riege
,
R. A.
London
,
A.
Graf
,
S. L.
Baker
,
R.
Soufli
,
R.
Sobierajski
,
T.
Burian
,
J.
Chalupsky
,
L.
Juha
,
J.
Gaudin
,
J.
Krzywinski
,
S.
Moeller
,
M.
Messerschmidt
,
J.
Bozek
, and
C.
Bostedt
,
Opt. Express
18
(
23
),
23933
(
2010
).
15.
H.
Petersen
,
C.
Jung
,
C.
Hellwig
,
W. B.
Peatman
, and
W.
Gudat
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
66
,
1
(
1995
).
16.
M.
Kato
,
Y.
Morishita
,
M.
Oura
, and
H.
Yamaoka
,
J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.
160
,
39
(
2007
).
17.
D. P.
Bernstein
,
Y.
Acremann
,
A.
Scherz
,
M.
Burkhardt
,
J.
Stohr
,
M.
Beye
,
W. F.
Schlotter
,
T.
Beeck
,
F.
Sorgenfrei
,
A.
Pietzsch
,
W.
Wurth
, and
A.
Fohlisch
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
95
(
13
) (
2009
).
You do not currently have access to this content.