We describe a scanning tunneling microscope for operation in a dilution refrigerator with a sample stage which can be moved macroscopically in a range up to a cm and with an accuracy down to the tens of nm. The position of the tip over the sample as set at room temperature does not change more than a few micrometers when cooling down. This feature is particularly interesting for work on micrometer sized samples. Nanostructures can be also localized and studied, provided they are repeated over micrometer sized areas. The same stage can be used to approach a hard single crystalline sample to a knife and cleave it, or break it, in situ. In situ positioning is demonstrated with measurements at 0.1 K in nanofabricated samples. Atomic resolution down to 0.1 K and in magnetic fields of 8 T is demonstrated in NbSe2. No heat dissipation nor an increase in mechanical noise has been observed at 0.1 K when operating the slider.
Compact very low temperature scanning tunneling microscope with mechanically driven horizontal linear positioning stage
H. Suderow, I. Guillamon, S. Vieira; Compact very low temperature scanning tunneling microscope with mechanically driven horizontal linear positioning stage. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 March 2011; 82 (3): 033711. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3567008
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