We have developed an in situ mask that enables the selective formation of molecular beam epitaxially grown layers in narrow regions. This mask can be fitted to a sample holder and removed in an ultrahigh-vacuum environment; thus, device structures can be fabricated without exposing the sample surfaces to air. Moreover, this mask enables the observation of reflection high-energy electron diffraction during growth with the mask positioned on the sample holder and provides for the formation of marker layers for ensuring alignment in the processes following the selective growth. To explore the effectiveness of the proposed in situ mask, we used it to grow quantum dot (QD) structures in narrow regions and verified the perfect selectivity of the QD growth. The grown QDs exhibited high optical quality with a photoluminescence peak at approximately 1.30μm and a linewidth of 30meV at room temperature. The proposed technique can be applied for the integration of microstructures into optoelectronic functional devices.

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