A universal method of extraction of the complex dielectric function from experimentally accessible optical quantities is developed. The central idea is that is parameterized independently at each node of a properly chosen anchor frequency mesh, while is dynamically coupled to by the Kramers–Kronig (KK) transformation. This approach can be regarded as a limiting case of the multioscillator fitting of spectra, when the number of oscillators is on the order of the number of experimental points. In the case of the normal-incidence reflectivity from a semi-infinite isotropic sample the new method gives essentially the same result as the conventional KK transformation of reflectivity. In contrast to the conventional approaches, the proposed technique is applicable, without readaptation, to virtually all types of linear-response optical measurements, or arbitrary combinations of measurements, such as reflectivity, transmission, ellipsometry, etc., done on different types of samples, including thin films and anisotropic crystals.
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Research Article| July 21 2005
Kramers–Kronig constrained variational analysis of optical spectra
A. B. Kuzmenko; Kramers–Kronig constrained variational analysis of optical spectra. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1 August 2005; 76 (8): 083108. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1979470
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