A microcomputer‐aided ultrasonic system that can be used to measure the vibratory displacements of an object is presented. A pair of low cost 40‐kHz ultrasonic transducers is used to transmit ultrasound toward an object and receive the ultrasound reflected from the object. The relative motion of the object modulates the phase angle difference between the transmitted and received ultrasound signals. A single‐chip microcomputer‐based phase detector was designed to record and analyze the phase shift information which is then sent to a PC‐AT microcomputer for processing. We have developed an ingenious method to reconstruct the relative motion of an object from the acquired data of the phase difference changes. A digital plotter based experiment was also designed for testing the performance of the whole system. The measured accuracy of the system in the reported experiments is within ±0.4 mm and the theoretical maximal measurable speed of the object is 89.6 cm/s. The main advantages of this ultrasonic vibration measurement system are high resolution, low cost, noncontact measurement and it is easily installed.

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See AIP document no. PAPS RSINA-63-5435-4 for four pages of system software and demo program.
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