Transverse depinning dynamics of a periodic-square-substrate modulated two-dimensional dusty plasma solid driven by a constant force in the longitudinal direction are investigated using Langevin dynamical simulations. When the commensuration ratio (the number ratio of particles to substrate potential wells) is increased, there is a nonmonotonic variation of the critical transverse depinning force, and the local maxima and minima of the critical transverse depinning force precisely correspond to the dynamical commensurate and incommensurate conditions, respectively. The dynamical commensuration effect is also clearly visible in the stable one-dimensional channel particle trajectories and the highly ordered structure, while both the particle trajectories and the structure are more disordered under the incommensurate conditions. The nonmonotonic variation of the critical transverse depinning force is attributed to the stability of the lattice structure at specific commensuration ratios.

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