In the H-mode regime of diverted tokamaks, the presence of strong pressure gradients in the pedestal gives rise to a sizable bootstrap current, together with the Ohmic and Pfirsch–Schlueter currents, close to the separatrix. For such equilibria, the presence of finite current density close to the separatrix requires the reexamination of equilibrium properties. It is almost universally assumed that the two branches of the separatrix (the stable and unstable manifolds) are straight as they cross at the X-point. However, the opposite angles of the plasma-filled segment and vacuum one cannot be equal if the current density does not vanish at the separatrix on the plasma side. We solve this difficulty by chipping off a thin layer of plasma edge so that the sharp corner of the plasma-filled segment becomes a hyperbola. Using the conformal transformation, we found that in the assumption of a hyperbolic boundary, the X point moves beyond the plasma boundary to fall in the vacuum region. An acute angle of the plasma-filled segment leads to an obtuse opposite angle of vacuum segment and vice versa. In the case of an acute angle of the plasma-filled segment, the new X point shifts inside the X point formed by the asymptotes of a hyperbolic boundary; in the case of an obtuse angle of the plasma-filled segment, the new X point shifts outside the X point formed by the asymptotes of a hyperbolic plasma boundary. The results are important for understanding the X point features, which affect the tokamak edge stability and transport.
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Research Article| November 17 2023
Asymptotic vacuum solution at tokamak X-point tip
Linjin Zheng ;
M. T. Kotschenreuther ;
Linjin Zheng, M. T. Kotschenreuther, F. L. Waelbroeck; Asymptotic vacuum solution at tokamak X-point tip. Phys. Plasmas 1 November 2023; 30 (11): 112508. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0173656
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