Two different fluid models for collisionless plasmas are compared. One is based on the classical Chew–Goldberger–Low (CGL) model that includes a finite Larmor radius correction and the Landau closure for the longitudinal mode. Another one takes into account the effect of cyclotron resonance in addition to Landau resonance and is referred to as the cyclotron resonance closure (CRC) model [T. Jikei and T. Amano, Phys. Plasmas 28, 042105 (2021)]. While the linear property of the parallel firehose instability is better described by the CGL model, the electromagnetic ion cyclotron instability driven unstable by the cyclotron resonance is reproduced only by the CRC model. Nonlinear simulation results for the parallel firehose instability performed with the two models are also discussed. Although the linear and quasilinear isotropization phases are consistent with theory in both models, long-term behaviors may be substantially different. The final state obtained by the CRC model may be reasonably understood in terms of the marginal stability condition. In contrast, the lack of cyclotron damping in the CGL model makes it rather difficult to predict the long-term behavior with simple physical arguments. This suggests that incorporating collisionless damping both for longitudinal and transverse modes is crucial for a nonlinear fluid simulation model of collisionless plasmas.

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