Current and future applications of intense proton sources abound, including radiography, cancer therapy, warm dense matter generation, and inertial confinement fusion. With increasingly efficient acceleration and focusing mechanisms, proton current densities may soon approach and exceed , e.g., via intense laser drivers. Simulations have previously shown that in this current density regime, beam-induced field generation plays a significant role in beam transport through dense plasmas. Here, we present a theoretical model for the generation of resistive magnetic fields by intense proton beam transport through solid density plasmas. The theoretical evolution of the magnetic field profile is calculated using an analytic model for aluminum resistivity, heat capacity, and stopping power, applicable from cold matter to hot plasma. The effects of various beam and material parameters on the field are investigated and explained for both monoenergetic and Maxwellian proton beams. For a proton beam with Maxwellian temperature 5 MeV and total energy 10 J, the model calculates resistive magnetic fields up to 150 T in aluminum. The calculated field profiles from several beam cases are compared with 2D hybrid particle-in-cell simulations, with good agreement found in magnitude and time scale.
Investigation of resistive magnetic field generation by intense proton beams in dense plasmas
K. Bhutwala, J. Kim, C. McGuffey, M. Sherlock, M. Bailly-Grandvaux, F. N. Beg; Investigation of resistive magnetic field generation by intense proton beams in dense plasmas. Phys. Plasmas 1 November 2022; 29 (11): 113103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0115717
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