Electron cyclotron harmonic (ECH) and whistler-mode chorus waves can contribute significantly to the magnetospheric dynamics. In the frequency-time spectrogram, ECH usually appears as a series of harmonic structureless bands, while chorus often exhibits successive discrete elements. Here, we present surprising observations by Van Allen Probes of lag-correlated rising tones of ECH and upper-band chorus waves. The time lags of ECH elements with respect to chorus elements range from 0.05 to 0.28 s, negatively correlated with the chorus peak amplitudes. The ECH elements seemingly emerge only when the chorus elements are sufficiently intense (peak amplitude ), and their peak amplitudes are positively correlated. Our data and modeling suggest that upper-band chorus may promote the generation of ECH through rapidly precipitating the ∼keV electrons near the loss cone. This phenomenon implies that ECH and chorus may not grow independently but competitively or collaboratively gain energy from hot electrons.
Lag-correlated rising tones of electron cyclotron harmonic and whistler-mode upper-band chorus waves
Zhonglei Gao, Xiongjun Shang, Pingbing Zuo, Zhengyang Zou, Geng Wang, Xueshang Feng, Yi Wang, Chunyi Guan, Fengsi Wei; Lag-correlated rising tones of electron cyclotron harmonic and whistler-mode upper-band chorus waves. Phys. Plasmas 1 June 2020; 27 (6): 062903. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0008812
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