Deceleration-phase Rayleigh–Taylor instability (RTI) growth during inertial confinement fusion capsule implosions significantly affects the performance as it mixes cold ablator material into the fuel. Precise measurements of such instability growth are essential for both validating the existing simulation codes and improving our predictive capability. RTI measurements on the inner surface of a spherical shell are limited and are often inferred indirectly at limited convergence. In contrast, cylindrical implosions allow for direct diagnostic access to the converging interface by imaging down the cylinder axis while retaining the effects of convergence. We have performed direct-drive cylindrical implosion experiments at both the OMEGA and the NIF laser facilities using scaled targets. RTI growth is demonstrated to be scale-invariant between the cylindrical targets at OMEGA and similar targets at the NIF, which are scaled up by a factor of three in the radial dimension. Single-mode (m = 20) instability growth factors of ∼14 are measured at a convergence ratio (CR) ∼ 2.5 with nearly identical mode growth at both scales. The measurements are in agreement with xRAGE radiation-hydrodynamics simulations. In addition, we have developed the Bayesian-inference-engine method to account for the variations in the target alignment, magnification, and the parallax effect in the measurement, allowing a more precise comparison between the experimental data and the simulations.
Hydro-scaling of direct-drive cylindrical implosions at the OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility
S. Palaniyappan, J. P. Sauppe, B. J. Tobias, C. F. Kawaguchi, K. A. Flippo, A. B. Zylstra, O. L. Landen, D. Shvarts, E. Malka, S. H. Batha, P. A. Bradley, E. N. Loomis, N. N. Vazirani, L. Kot, D. W. Schmidt, T. H. Day, R. Gonzales, J. L. Kline; Hydro-scaling of direct-drive cylindrical implosions at the OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility. Phys. Plasmas 1 April 2020; 27 (4): 042708. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5144608
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