Ultrafast pump-probe reflectometry and Doppler spectrometry of a supercritical density plasma layer excited by 1017–1018 W/cm2 intensity, 30 fs, and 800 nm laser pulses reveal the interplay of laser intensity contrast and inward shock wave strength. The inward shock wave velocity increases with an increase in laser intensity contrast. This trend is supported by simulations as well as by a separate independent experiment employing an external prepulse to control the inward motion of the shock wave. This kind of cost-effective control of shock wave strength using femtosecond pulses could open up new applications in medicine, science, and engineering.
Controlling femtosecond-laser-driven shock-waves in hot, dense plasma
Amitava Adak, Prashant Kumar Singh, David R. Blackman, Amit D. Lad, Gourab Chatterjee, John Pasley, A. P. L. Robinson, G. Ravindra Kumar; Controlling femtosecond-laser-driven shock-waves in hot, dense plasma. Phys. Plasmas 1 July 2017; 24 (7): 072702. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4990059
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