We demonstrate a novel plasma device for magnetic reconnection, driven by Gekko XII lasers irradiating a double-turn Helmholtz capacitor-coil target. Optical probing revealed an accumulated plasma plume near the magnetic reconnection outflow. The background electron density and magnetic field were measured to be approximately 1018 cm−3 and 60 T by using Nomarski interferometry and the Faraday effect, respectively. In contrast with experiments on magnetic reconnection constructed by the Biermann battery effect, which produced high beta values, our beta value was much lower than one, which greatly extends the parameter regime of laser-driven magnetic reconnection and reveals its potential in astrophysical plasma applications.
Magnetic reconnection driven by Gekko XII lasers with a Helmholtz capacitor-coil target
X. X. Pei, J. Y. Zhong, Y. Sakawa, Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, H. G. Wei, Y. T. Li, Y. F. Li, B. J. Zhu, T. Sano, Y. Hara, S. Kondo, S. Fujioka, G. Y. Liang, F. L. Wang, G. Zhao; Magnetic reconnection driven by Gekko XII lasers with a Helmholtz capacitor-coil target. Phys. Plasmas 1 March 2016; 23 (3): 032125. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4944928
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