We report spatially resolved measurements of the oblique merging of two supersonic laboratory plasma jets. The jets are formed and launched by pulsed-power-driven railguns using injected argon, and have electron density ∼1014 cm−3, electron temperature ≈1.4 eV, ionization fraction near unity, and velocity ≈40 km/s just prior to merging. The jet merging produces a few-cm-thick stagnation layer, as observed in both fast-framing camera images and multi-chord interferometer data, consistent with collisional shock formation [E. C. Merritt et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 085003 (2013)].
Experimental evidence for collisional shock formation via two obliquely merging supersonic plasma jetsa)
Elizabeth C. Merritt, Auna L. Moser, Scott C. Hsu, Colin S. Adams, John P. Dunn, A. Miguel Holgado, Mark A. Gilmore; Experimental evidence for collisional shock formation via two obliquely merging supersonic plasma jets. Phys. Plasmas 1 May 2014; 21 (5): 055703. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4872323
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