The method of large-eddy simulation (LES) coupled with the density transport equation is employed to simulate the evolution of a gravity-driven high-density turbidity current and its interaction with a pair of parallel suspended pipes. The LES method is validated first using data of a non-Boussinesq lock-exchange experiment and satisfying agreement between LES and experiment is achieved. The simulations reveal that a shear region forms between high- and low-density fluids each moving in opposite directions which lead to the generation of a series of vortices and a substantial mixing region. Close to the bottom boundary, low-density fluid is entrained near the head of the high-density turbidity current, forming a thin water cushion that separates the turbidity current's head from the seabed, the so-called hydroplaning effect, thereby reducing the density of the head and bottom friction. The current study suggests that the effect of hydroplaning phenomena leads to high speed and long distance of the turbidity current. Further, LES simulations of a turbidity current impacting a pair of parallel suspended pipes with different streamwise spacings are performed and impact forces are quantified. The turbulent wake generated by high-density fluid bypassing pipe 1 promotes velocity fluctuations leading to increased impact forces on pipe 2 with increasing streamwise spacing up to 8 times the pipeline diameter (8D). The results suggest that the streamwise spacing between two parallel pipes should be less than 2D to minimize hydrodynamic loads on pipe 2.
Evolution of high-density submarine turbidity current and its interaction with a pair of parallel suspended pipes
Xingsen Guo, Qianyu Luo, Thorsten Stoesser, Arthur Hajaali, Xiaolei Liu; Evolution of high-density submarine turbidity current and its interaction with a pair of parallel suspended pipes. Physics of Fluids 1 August 2023; 35 (8): 086608. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0160650
Download citation file: