The wavenumber–frequency spectra (WFS) of turbulent wall pressure fluctuations are used to design underwater acoustic systems, and a method is presented to determine them for flat plate flow using large-eddy simulations (LES). First, the Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) analysis is carried out for flow over the plate using shear-stress transport model. Flow parameters are extracted from the output of this analysis and used to impose boundary conditions for large-eddy simulations using a smaller domain with finer mesh. Mesh convergence studies are done to establish the adequacy of the proposed meshing scheme for estimating the turbulent boundary layer wall pressures. The stream-wise velocity profiles, turbulence intensities, and power spectra obtained using LES are compared with other computational and experimental results. The time history of fluctuating pressure on the wall at various stream-wise locations is used to estimate the WFS. Estimations are made of the convective ridge as well as sub-convective and low wavenumber portions of the spectrum. The computations are performed at momentum thickness-based Reynolds numbers (Rθ) of 5761, 7988, and 7709. The effect of downstream distance on the WFS is studied by computing it at three downstream locations and shown that the downstream distance has little effect on the WFS once the flow has become fully turbulent. The use of a desktop workstation for the estimation of WFS has not been reported earlier. The results show that the WFS of turbulent pressure due to flow over more complex geometries can be estimated using a similar method.
Estimation of wavenumber–frequency spectra of wall pressure due to turbulent flow over a flat plate using large-eddy simulation
Roni Francis, D. D. Ebenezer, S. K. Bhattacharyya, Rajiv Sharma; Estimation of wavenumber–frequency spectra of wall pressure due to turbulent flow over a flat plate using large-eddy simulation. Physics of Fluids 1 June 2023; 35 (6): 065110. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0152076
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