Cavitation erosion often occurs on the surface of many underwater applications, which can cause severe damage to materials and reduce their performance. Since the cause of erosion is the impact pressure induced by the collapse of an individual cavitation bubble near the wall, to make a better prediction and prevent the damage potential, in this paper, we carry out systematic investigations on the impact characteristics by direct numerical simulation using a vapor bubble model. The volume of fluid (VOF) method is adopted to capture the interface between the two phases. The numerical results show that pressure wave and jet are two primary inducements of the impacts on the wall. The reason for the pressure wave impacts is the pressure wave emission after the collapse of the bubble's main part. And the reason for the jet impact is the stagnation pressure in front of the jet. After a parametric study of the two impacts with respect to the initial radius, driving pressure, and stand-off distance, the predicting equations for the pressure wave impact and jet impact are proposed at γ ≥ 1.74. When γ < 1.74, the impact pattern becomes complex due to the arrival time of the two impacts and the collapse of the vapor fragments right on the wall.
Numerical investigation on the impact pressure induced by a cavitation bubble collapsing near a solid wall
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, Cavitation.
Di Zhao, Fuqiang Deng, Lingxin Zhang; Numerical investigation on the impact pressure induced by a cavitation bubble collapsing near a solid wall. Physics of Fluids 1 April 2023; 35 (4): 043315. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0145499
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