Through laboratory experiments of oil-in-water emulsification, we show that we can construct a high-shear-rate mixer (precession mixer) by using the precession of a cylindrical container without any mixing blades. For high-shear-rate mixing, a container with a larger diameter and its faster spin are preferable so that the wall velocity becomes large enough. Then, emulsification is most efficient when we set the Poincaré number , which is the ratio of the spin and precession rotation speeds, about 0.2–0.3. When Po is smaller than these values, shear rates in the mixer get much lower, though mixing in the bulk of the container is enhanced. On the other hand, when Po is larger, shear rates near the cylindrical wall get higher but mixing in the bulk drastically declines. Through our systematic parameter survey for efficient emulsification by the precession mixer, we have also discovered an experimental law describing the maximum shear rate in the mixer. Since we can use it to appropriately choose the driving conditions of the mixer according to the properties of the materials to be mixed, this experimental law gives useful information for the practical use of the mixer.
Precessing cylinder as high-shear-rate mixer: Application to emulsification
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, Precession, Nutation, and Libration Driven Flows.
Susumu Goto, Yasufumi Horimoto, Takuro Kaneko, Kohei Oya, Yuji Sugitani, Shota Aritsu, Masato Yoshida, Haruka Ohyama, Kento Eguchi, Shota Kukimoto, Kazuo Matsuyama, Toru Nishimura, Kimikazu Fukuda, Keiichi Onoda; Precessing cylinder as high-shear-rate mixer: Application to emulsification. Physics of Fluids 1 March 2023; 35 (3): 035139. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0139991
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