Field inversion and machine learning are implemented in this study to describe three-dimensional (3D) separation flow around an axisymmetric hill and augment the Spalart–Allmaras (SA) model. The discrete adjoint method is used to solve the field inversion problem, and an artificial neural network is used as the machine learning model. A validation process for field inversion is proposed to adjust the hyperparameters and obtain a physically acceptable solution. The field inversion result shows that the non-equilibrium turbulence effects in the boundary layer upstream of the mean separation line and in the separating shear layer dominate the flow structure in the 3D separating flow, which agrees with prior physical knowledge. However, the effect of turbulence anisotropy on the mean flow appears to be limited. Two approaches are proposed and implemented in the machine learning stage to overcome the problem of sample imbalance while reducing the computational cost during training. The results are all satisfactory, which proves the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.
Data augmented turbulence modeling for three-dimensional separation flows
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, Artificial Intelligence in Fluid Mechanics.
Chongyang Yan, Yufei Zhang, Haixin Chen; Data augmented turbulence modeling for three-dimensional separation flows. Physics of Fluids 1 July 2022; 34 (7): 075101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0097438
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