In this paper, we present a deep learning technique for data-driven predictions of wave propagation in a fluid medium. The technique relies on an attention-based convolutional recurrent autoencoder network (AB-CRAN). To construct a low-dimensional representation of wave propagation data, we employ a denoising-based convolutional autoencoder. The AB-CRAN architecture with attention-based long short-term memory cells forms our deep neural network model for the time marching of the low-dimensional features. We assess the proposed AB-CRAN framework against the standard recurrent neural network for the low-dimensional learning of wave propagation. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the AB-CRAN model, we consider three benchmark problems, namely, one-dimensional linear convection, the nonlinear viscous Burgers equation, and the two-dimensional Saint-Venant shallow water system. Using the spatial-temporal datasets from the benchmark problems, our novel AB-CRAN architecture accurately captures the wave amplitude and preserves the wave characteristics of the solution for long time horizons. The attention-based sequence-to-sequence network increases the time-horizon of prediction compared to the standard recurrent neural network with long short-term memory cells. The denoising autoencoder further reduces the mean squared error of prediction and improves the generalization capability in the parameter space.
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Research Article| June 07 2022
Predicting waves in fluids with deep neural network
Special Collection: Artificial Intelligence in Fluid Mechanics
Indu Kant Deo ;
Indu Kant Deo, Rajeev Jaiman; Predicting waves in fluids with deep neural network. Physics of Fluids 1 June 2022; 34 (6): 067108. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0086926
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