The detonation-powered underwater engine, with the advantages of high specific impulse, high speed, and simple structure, has very broad application prospects in the field of underwater propulsion, and dual-tube combination is an effective means to improve its propulsion performance. In this work, near-field pressure evolution of shock waves and high-pressure zones between two detonation tubes is numerically studied. The two-fluid model and three-dimensional conservation element and solution element method are adopted to reveal the formation, intersection, and interaction of shock waves. Detonation waves generated by two detonation tubes decouple into shock waves after penetrating into water and form a high-pressure zone near each tube exit. The two leading shock waves intersect with each other in the propagation, creating the second high-pressure zone between two tubes. Then, a propagating forward merged new shock wave covers the two original wave-fronts and maintains higher pressure. Pressure evolution under different tube intervals, ignition delays, and filling conditions is also presented to discuss their influence on the performance of dual-tube detonation. The intensity and directivity of shock waves are found to be sensitive to these factors, complexly affecting the thrust components, which provides a depth understanding of dual-tube combination in the application.
Three-dimensional numerical simulation on near-field pressure evolution of dual-tube underwater detonation
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, Flow and Acoustics of Unmanned Vehicles.
Zi-wei Hou, Ning Li, Xiao-long Huang, Can Li, Yang Kang, Chun-sheng Weng; Three-dimensional numerical simulation on near-field pressure evolution of dual-tube underwater detonation. Physics of Fluids 1 March 2022; 34 (3): 033304. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0086527
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