In the present work, the stability of a viscoelastic fluid flow is studied by linear stability theory, and some results are verified by direct numerical simulation. The investigation considers the fluid flow between two parallel plates, modeled by the Giesekus constitutive equation. The results show the influence of the anisotropic tensorial correction parameter αG on this model, showing a stabilizing influence for two-dimensional disturbances for small values of αG. However, as αG increases, a reduction in the critical Reynolds number values is observed, possibly hastening the transition to turbulence. Low values for αG for three-dimensional disturbances cause more significant variations for the critical Reynolds number. This variation decreases as the value of this parameter increases. The results also show that low values of αG increase the instability of three-dimensional disturbances and confirm that Squire's theorem is not valid for this model. As for the two-dimensional disturbances, the anisotropic term on the Giesekus model lowers the critical Reynolds number for higher quantities of polymer viscosity in the mixture and high values for the Weissenberg number.
Effects of anisotropy on the stability of Giesekus fluid flow
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, One Hundred Years of Giesekus.
L. J. S. Furlan, M. T. Araujo, M. T. Mendonca, A. C. Brandi, L. F. Souza; Effects of anisotropy on the stability of Giesekus fluid flow. Physics of Fluids 1 December 2022; 34 (12): 124109. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0125989
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