The unsteady dynamics of a gravitational liquid sheet, driven by a continuous harmonic perturbation in the lateral velocity component applied at the inlet section, is analyzed. The topology and the dynamics of the relevant flow structures are characterized by applying POD (Proper Orthogonal Decomposition) and spectral POD (SPOD) modal decompositions on two-dimensional two-phase numerical simulation data obtained with the volume-of-fluid approach. The investigation is carried out by varying the Weber number, the forcing frequency (Strouhal number), and the Reynolds number. The supercritical regime (We > 1) features a traveling perturbation, exhibiting a spatial structure with leading sinuous modes. SPOD spectra confirm the occurrence of a discontinuity in frequency response between the supercritical and subcritical regimes. In the subcritical regime (We < 1), the investigation highlights the excitation of a combined sinuous–varicose motion when the system is driven at resonance frequency for a relatively high Reynolds number (approaching the inviscid limit). The emergence of varicose modes is favored by low Weber numbers. The excitation of these modes occurs when the Weber number is decreased from We = 0.90 down to 0.75, with a progressive shift of the varicose mode from higher harmonics toward the main frequency; it can be considered as a possible mechanism of breakup observed in experiments when the inlet flow rate is progressively reduced. The flow reconstruction based on both POD and SPOD confirms the good capability of SPOD modes to capture dynamically relevant features of the fluid motion in subcritical conditions.
Modal decomposition analysis of unsteady viscous liquid sheet flows
Note: This paper is part of the special topic, Tribute to Frank M. White on his 88th Anniversary.
Antonio Colanera, Alessandro Della Pia, Matteo Chiatto, Luigi de Luca, Francesco Grasso; Modal decomposition analysis of unsteady viscous liquid sheet flows. Physics of Fluids 1 September 2021; 33 (9): 092117. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0065683
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