The present study focuses on the component transfer from one liquid phase to another liquid phase, commonly known as the extraction process, performed in a microchannel in the presence of spontaneous interfacial convection, driven by either an interfacial tension gradient or an applied external electric field. Marangoni instability occurs as a result of a lateral gradient of interfacial tension existing along the interface of the two fluids. Nonequilibrium phenomena associated with factors such as temperature imbalance, a nonuniform distribution of surface-active components at the interface, evaporation, etc. can lead to the interfacial Marangoni instability. In the present study, first, we have explored temperature gradient driven Marangoni instability, which deforms the interface with significant acceleration and induces local convective mass transfer along with the conventional diffusion mode. Next, we have explored the same phenomenon in the presence of an external electric field, which can also deform the liquid-liquid interface almost instantaneously to a considerable extent. The relative strength of the mass transfer rate for different cases, such as temperature driven instability, in the presence of uniform and nonuniform electric fields has been reported in detail. It has also been observed that, due to the larger mass transfer area, the annular flow offers an enhanced rate of mass transfer compared to the stratified flow. Additionally, this article reports that the nonuniform electric field could influence the process of interfacial instability more strongly compared to the uniform electric field. The effect of the nonuniform electric field with different spatial periodicity on the extraction process has been studied in detail.
Efficient microextraction process exploiting spontaneous interfacial convection driven by Marangoni and electric field induced instability: A computational fluid dynamics study
Shirsendu Mitra, Sunil Kumar Singh, Ekaterina Shevchenko, Mohit Sachan, Abir Ghosh, Mitali Basak, Partho Sarathi Gooh Pattader; Efficient microextraction process exploiting spontaneous interfacial convection driven by Marangoni and electric field induced instability: A computational fluid dynamics study. Physics of Fluids 1 January 2020; 32 (1): 014102. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5133733
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