This paper investigates the impact behavior between water drops with different velocities and cylindrical superhydrophobic surfaces with various diameters and presents two possible outcomes of drop impact, which are asymmetric rebound and stretched breakup. Due to the special cylindrical topology of the surface, drops undergo an asymmetric spreading and retracting process in the azimuthal and the axial direction, which results in three types of asymmetric rebound, including jug-like rebound, wing-like rebound, and rebound breakup. The stretched breakup is observed in the collision of drops with higher impact velocities and smaller cylinder diameters. The diameter ratio D* and Weber number We are found to be the determinants of the bouncing patterns. With the decrease in the diameter ratio D* or the increase in the Weber number We, the bouncing patterns transformed from jug-like rebound through wing-like rebound and finally to stretched breakup. We put forward a modification form of the Weber number (α = We/D*) affected by the diameter ratio D*, indicating the ratio between the inertia force and the surface tension, as the criterion to distinguish the upward rebound from the downward stretch, which helps obtain the linear relation of critical Wecr and D*cr. Furthermore, asymmetric rebound and stretched breakup could effectively shorten the contact time between drops and substrates. The contact time is found to be mainly determined by the dimensionless parameter α. The correlation between the dimensionless contact time and the dimensionless parameter α is demonstrated to be τc ∝ αn.
Dynamic behavior of water drops impacting on cylindrical superhydrophobic surfaces
Note: This paper is part of the special issue from the 10th National Congress on Fluid Mechanics of China.
Haixiang Zhang, Xian Yi, Yanxia Du, Rui Zhang, Xiwen Zhang, Feng He, Fenglei Niu, Pengfei Hao; Dynamic behavior of water drops impacting on cylindrical superhydrophobic surfaces. Physics of Fluids 1 March 2019; 31 (3): 032104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5083070
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