This work presents systematical investigations on the skin-friction drag reduction (DR) of turbulent channel flow subjected to spanwise wall oscillation using direct numerical simulation. Altogether 12 different oscillatory cases have been studied with a reference at Reτ = 200, varying the controlling parameters characterized by maximum wall velocity Wm+ and oscillation period T+. Some of the previously established facts have been reproduced by our analysis with a new focus on the phase-space dynamics of the near-wall streaks, on the basis of statistical data over entire oscillation periods and over phasewise variations. It is revealed that streamwise vortices are generated in the vicinity of oscillation walls, disrupting the formation of near-wall low-speed streaks. Although the overall turbulence is weakened, the Stokes layer is thicker within wall acceleration phases for larger Wm+, which causes the turbulence intensity to increase in the upper viscous sublayer. In addition, regarding the effect of T+, a long oscillation period promotes the formation of energetic near-wall structures, while for short T+, the streak-generation time scale preferentially restricts the growth of spanwise streaks. From a new vorticity-transport perspective of the Reynolds shear stress, our results further indicate that high drag-reducing phenomena are connected to the near-wall sweep events, and the shear stress variation is principally driven by the distortion of the spanwise transport of wall-normal vorticity, i.e., vortex tilting/stretching. The DR process is seen to be linked to the increase in enstrophy and turbulence-energy dissipation in the near-wall region.
Phase-space dynamics of near-wall streaks in wall-bounded turbulence with spanwise oscillation
Wenjun Yuan, Mengqi Zhang, Yongdong Cui, Boo Cheong Khoo; Phase-space dynamics of near-wall streaks in wall-bounded turbulence with spanwise oscillation. Physics of Fluids 1 December 2019; 31 (12): 125113. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5130161
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