The stress singularity for Phan-Thien–Tanner (PTT) and Giesekus viscoelastic fluids is determined for extrudate swell (commonly termed die swell). In the presence of a Newtonian solvent viscosity, the solvent stress dominates the polymer stresses local to the contact point between the solid (no-slip) surface inside the die and the free (slip) surface outside the die. The velocity field thus vanishes like , where r is the radial distance from the contact point and λ0 is the smallest Newtonian eigenvalue (dependent upon the angle of separation between the solid and free surfaces). The solvent stress thus behaves like and dominates the polymer stresses, which are like for PTT and for Giesekus. The polymer stresses require boundary layers at both the solid and free surfaces, the thicknesses of which are derived. These results do not hold for the Oldroyd-B fluid.
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Research Article| November 05 2019
The extrudate swell singularity of Phan-Thien–Tanner and Giesekus fluids
Jonathan D. Evans;
Jonathan D. Evans, Morgan L. Evans; The extrudate swell singularity of Phan-Thien–Tanner and Giesekus fluids. Physics of Fluids 1 November 2019; 31 (11): 113102. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5129664
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