In this research paper, we present a numerical prediction of steady and fully oscillatory flows in a square mini-channel connected between two plenums. Flow separation occurs at the contraction of the plenum into the channel which causes an asymmetry in the development of flow in the entrance region. The entrance length and recirculation length are found, for both steady and fully oscillatory flows. It is shown that the maximum entrance length decreases with an increase in the oscillating frequency while the maximum recirculation length and recirculation area increase with an increase in oscillating frequency. The phase of a velocity signal is shown to be a strong function of its location. The phase difference between the velocities with respect to the different points along the centerline and those at the middle of the channel show a significant dependence on the driving frequency. There is a significant variation in the phase angles of the velocity signals computed between a point near the wall and that at the centerline. This phase difference decreases along the channel length and does not change beyond the entrance length. This feature can then be used to determine the maximum entrance length, which is otherwise problematic to ascertain in the case of fully oscillatory flows. The entrance length, thus obtained, is compared with that obtained from the velocity profile consideration and shows good similarity. The phase difference between pressure and velocity is also brought out in this work.
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Research Article| April 05 2018
Development of flow in a square mini-channel: Effect of flow oscillation
Oswald Jason Lobo;
Oswald Jason Lobo, Dhiman Chatterjee; Development of flow in a square mini-channel: Effect of flow oscillation. Physics of Fluids 1 April 2018; 30 (4): 042003. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5018160
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