In the present study, the non-Boussinesq effect in the thermal convection in an air-filled horizontal concentric annulus is studied numerically by using the variable property-based lattice Boltzmann flux solver (VPLBFS), with the radial temperature difference ratio of 1.0, the radius ratio of 2.0, and the Rayleigh number in the range 104 ≤ Ra ≤ 106. Several solutions are obtained by using the standard form or simplified versions of the VPLBFS, including the real solution with the total variation in fluid properties considered, named as the variable property solution (VPS), the constant property solution (CPS) based on the Boussinesq approximation, the solution with variable dynamic viscosity (VVS), the solution based on the partial Boussinesq approximation (PBAS), the solution with variable thermal conductivity (VCS) and the solution with variable fluid density (VDS). The discrepancy between these solutions is analyzed to illuminate the influence of the non-Boussinesq effects induced by partial or total variation in fluid properties on flow instability behaviors and heat transfer characteristics. The present study reveals the complicated flow instability behavior under non-Boussinesq conditions and its tight association with heat transfer characteristics. Also, it demonstrates the necessity of considering the integral effect of the total variation in fluid properties and highlights the essential role of the fluid density variation.
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Research Article| March 12 2018
A numerical study on the non-Boussinesq effect in the natural convection in horizontal annulus
Special Collection: Papers Selected from the Seventh International Symposium on Physics of Fluids
Yu Zhang, Yuhui Cao; A numerical study on the non-Boussinesq effect in the natural convection in horizontal annulus. Physics of Fluids 1 April 2018; 30 (4): 040902. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010864
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